Acid Base Analysis

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Acid base abnormalities are ubiquitous in the ICU, and sometimes multiple can coexist at the same time. This OnePager outlines a stepwise approach and differential diagnosis for each acid base abnormality (RAGES for NAGMA, GOLDMARKeT for AGMA, BLVD PLACE for metabolic acidosis, etc). It also includes those handy formulas & rules so you can figure out if more than acid-base disturbance is present.

Author(s): Nick Mark, MD

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Attribution:   Title: “Acid Base Analysis”   Creator: “Nick Mark MD“  Source:OnePager ICU“   License: “CC BY-SA 3.0

Citation Example:   OnePagers: Mark NM, “Acid Base Analysis” Published 2020-10-07, OnePagerICU, URL: (accessed Date)