Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is one of the most serious and challenging conditions we encounter in the ICU. It’s also one of the life threatening complications of COVID-19. Here’s a #onePager that will help you understand ARDS, including its definition, pathophysiology, and the approach I use for treatment. Hint: just remember the Eight P’s: PEEP (lung protective ventilation), Prone positioning, Paralysis (neuromuscular blockade), Prostacyclins (inhaled vasodilators), Peeing (diuresis), Pleural evacuation (thoracentesis), Peripheral oxygenation (ECMO), and Prednisone (corticosteroids).

Author(s): Nick Mark, MD

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Attribution:   Title: “Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome”   Creator: “Nick Mark MD“  Source:OnePager ICU“   License: “CC BY-SA 3.0

Citation Example:   OnePagers: Mark NM, “Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome” Published 2020-10-01, OnePagerICU, URL: (accessed Date)